Gattinara is an austere, complex wine that achieves a perfect balance between its tannic character and its smoother notes. Gattinara D.O.C.G has a total area of 100 hectares (250 acres) of vines, has been planted with vines for more than 700 years. What determines the characteristics of this wine is the soil. In fact, on the steep hills of Gattinara, the vines are sheltered from the Alps and thus less exposed to the cool air coming down from Mount Rosa, the soil is of volcanic origin and, hence, rich in minerals with pronounced acidity. Since the soil is mainly stony and porous, water drains away very rapidly. This can have a negative effect on the vines, especially in the Summer or during periods of drought. The result is bunches of smaller grapes which are less able to dilute the high tannin content of these grapes. This explains the relatively hard character of Gattinara. Thanks to production of ever-higher quality, this wine is now acknowledged as one of Italy’s finest, both on the domestic market and abroad.